Different Types of Peer Pressure: Examples and Coping Strategies

A 2020 study used a number of personality and peer influence measures to identify characteristics of adolescents who are more susceptible to peer pressure. The social group’s pressure on an individual—peer pressure (PP)—has attracted the attention of scholars in a variety of disciplines, spanning sociology, economics, finance, psychology and management sciences1,2,3,4. In analyzing PP we should consider not only those individuals directly linked to a particular person, but also those who exert indirect social influence over other persons as well5,6,7,8.

They’re vulnerable and impuissant when it comes to making sure they’re represented as someone “cool” and popular, therefore causing them to accept any peer pressure given to them even if they consciously know it could harm them. If peer pressure has negatively impacted your life, a therapist can offer compassionate and confidential help. It can indirect peer pressure be difficult to find the right way to say no to friends and classmates, especially if you are worried about possible consequences such as bullying, social isolation, or rejection. After you have removed yourself from the situation, focus on surrounding yourself with positive and uplifting friends and get involved in lots of healthy activities.

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For instance, this situation appears in actors’ attitudes toward copying others. The predisposition of an actor to copy a behavior depends not only on her friends’ adoption of such behavior but also on other, socio-culturally close people having a positive predisposition to that behavior. For instance, adolescents adopt “binge drinking” not only by copying their mates but also by observing similar behavior among others of a similar age, education and social class. Then, we argue that this socio-cultural distance can be captured in a model by considering the shortest path distance between two actors in their social group. The shortest path distance is the number of steps in the shortest path connecting the two actors. The influence that an actor receives/produces from/for others in her social network, i.e., peer pressure, decays as a function of this socio-cultural distance, which separates the two actors32.

  • In reality, peer pressure can be either a positive or negative influence that one peer, or group of peers, has on another person.
  • Given this, it is especially important that young individuals learn how to resist peer pressure early on.
  • On the other hand, when cortisol is high, these same reward-sensitive brain regions become less active and may lead a person to avoid social situations.
  • Most of the time, teens may feel pressured to take part in such activities, even if their conscience tells them not to.
  • Finding and evaluating examples of pressure in your own life can help you learn how to deal with peer pressure and use it to your advantage.

Peer pressure is the influence, whether direct or indirect, that is placed on individuals within the same social group that impacts their behavior. This can affect all sorts of different groups, but perhaps some of the most susceptible to peer pressure are the groups formed in adolescence. In other words, peer pressure influences people to do certain things and behave in certain ways that they might not usually do. Peer influence has a significant impact on the initiation of tobacco smoking and drug usage.

Positive vs. Negative Peer Pressure

For instance, if a friend group decides to break curfew even without speaking the words telling each other to do so, an individual might feel pressured to follow suit and fit in. Examples of these kinds of behavior would be when a teenager hands another teen an alcoholic drink, or makes a sexual advance, or looks at another student’s paper during a test. The other teen is put in a position of having to make an https://ecosoberhouse.com/ on-the-spot decision. Spoken peer pressure is when a teenager asks, suggests, persuades or otherwise directs another to engage in a specific behavior. If this is done in a one-on-one environment, the recipient of the influence has a stronger chance of adhering to his or her core values and beliefs. If, however, the spoken influence takes place within a group, the pressure to go along with the group is immense.

indirect peer pressure

It can be helpful to remember that a person does not have to do everything that their peers do. Where α, β and δ are parameters to be adjusted to consider the different strengths of peer pressure. These results demonstrate that interpersonal communication alone cannot sufficiently explain the process of innovation adoption in a social group.

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